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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Jeremy D Ross conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jeffrey F Kelly conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Eli S Bridge conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Michael H Engel contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Dan L Reinking contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

W Alice Boyle conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Our use of animals followed protocols approved by University of Oklahoma Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (Animal Use Statement R12-019) and by the Kansas State University’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (protocol 3260).

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Banding and feather sampling was conducted with permission to W.A. Boyle from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (permit #23836) and from the state of Oklahoma’s Wildlife Conservation Department (permit 5762).

Funding

This study was supported by grants from the US Department of Agriculture (NIFA-AFRI-003536), Kansas State University, and the Oklahoma Biological Survey. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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