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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Matthew C Foster conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jarrett E Byrnes conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Daniel C Reed conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

A scientific collection permit was obtained for this work through the California Department of Fish and Game (ID no. SC 11393).

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

Pending acceptance with PeerJ, data associated with this manuscript will be hosted in the Long Term Ecological Research data catalog (metacat).

Funding

Funding for this research was provided by the U. S. National Science Foundation’s Long Term Ecological Research Program and the University of California’s Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities program. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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