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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The author had a personal relationship with the subject patient.

Author Contributions

Richard Barchas authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

An approval letter to use medical records was obtained from C. Moon, Director, Privacy Assurance, Compliance & Privacy Office, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA. Written consent was also obtained from the patient's next of kin who also provided medical records. Care was given that no identifying information appear in the case report.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:


There is no raw data to submit. All data is referenced from external papers


No funding was received.

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