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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Marianne E Porter conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Jennie L Beltran conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data.

Stephen M Kajiura conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data.

Thomas J Koob conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Adam P Summers conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Grant Disclosures

The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:

National Science Foundation IOS-0922605 to MEP and IOS-1256602 to APS

Funding

JLB thanks the Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) at University of California, Irvine and the University of California Leadership and Excellence through Advanced Degrees (UCLEADS) programs for guidance and financial support. This research was funded by the National Science Foundation IOS-0922605 to MEP and IOS-1256602 to APS. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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