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Additional Information

Competing Interests

Kenneth B. Storey is an Academic Editor for PeerJ.

Author Contributions

Christopher A. Dieni performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

Kenneth B. Storey conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.


The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Conditions for animal care, experimentation, and euthanasia were approved by the Carleton University Animal Care Committee (B09-22) in accordance with guidelines set down by the Canadian Council on Animal Care.


This work was supported by a discovery grant to KBS from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (OPG 6793), and the Canada Research Chairs program (Canada Research Chair in Molecular Physiology). CAD held an Ontario Graduate Scholarship in Science and Technology (OGSST) and a Fluorosense Inc. Scholarship from Carleton University. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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