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Additional Information

Competing Interests

Cate Foster, Jackie Marchington, Steve Banner, Nina C Kennard & Rianne Stacey work for medical communication agencies that provide professional medical writing or editing services to not-for-profit and for-profit clients.

Elizabeth Wager is self-employed and provides training, consultancy and editing services on medical publishing and publication ethics for pharmaceutical companies, medical communication agencies, publishers, universities and academic societies. She is an Academic Editor for PeerJ.

Mina Patel and Antonia Panayi work in Medical Affairs functions within the pharmaceutical industry.

The content and opinions expressed in the article are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect the policies or practices of their employers.

Author Contributions

Cate Foster conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Elizabeth Wager conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jackie Marchington wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Mina Patel wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Steve Banner reviewed drafts of the paper.

Nina C Kennard reviewed drafts of the paper.

Antonia Panayi reviewed drafts of the paper.

Rianne Stacey reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

This article did not generate any data or code, as it is not based on scientific experiments.

Funding

The authors received no funding for this work.


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