Visitors   Views   Downloads
NOT PEER-REVIEWED
"PeerJ Preprints" is a venue for early communication or feedback before peer review. Data may be preliminary.

Additional Information

Competing Interests

We have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Author Contributions

Robie Sterling conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

William Checkley conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, prepared figures and/or tables.

Robert H Gilman conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper, designed, obtained funds and conducted the baseline diarrhea study.

Lilia Cabrera contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper, conducted and organized fieldwork teams in both baseline and follow-up studies.

Charles R Sterling contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper, designed, obtained funds and conducted the baseline diarrhea study.

Caryn Bern contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper, designed, obtained funds and conducted the baseline diarrhea study..

J. Jaime Miranda conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The original 1995 study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards of A.B. PRISMA (Lima, Peru) and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health (Baltimore, MD, USA). Institutional Review Boards of A.B. PRISMA and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, both in Lima, Peru, approved the follow-up study.

Funding

The original study was funded by an International Centers for Tropical Disease Research (ICTDR) grant from the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases awarded to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (U01-A135894). J. Jaime Miranda, Robert H. Gilman and William Checkley were supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s Global Health Initiative under the contract Global Health Activities in Developing Countries to Combat Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases (Project Number 268200900033C-1-0-1). William Checkley was further supported by a Clinician Scientist Award from the Johns Hopkins University and a K99/R00 Pathway to Independence Award (K99HL096955) from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. Robie Sterling was supported by a pre-doctoral T35 Training Grant (T35AI065385) of the National Institutes of Health. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


Add your feedback

Before adding feedback, consider if it can be asked as a question instead, and if so then use the Question tab. Pointing out typos is fine, but authors are encouraged to accept only substantially helpful feedback.

Some Markdown syntax is allowed: _italic_ **bold** ^superscript^ ~subscript~ %%blockquote%% [link text](link URL)
 
By posting this you agree to PeerJ's commenting policies