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Hobold E, Pires-Lopes V, Gomez-Campos R, Arruda M, Andruske CL, Pacheco-Carrillo J, Cossio-Bolaños MA.2017. Reference standards to assess physical fitness of children and adolescents of Brazil: an approach to the students of the lake Itaipú region - Brazil. PeerJ Preprints5:e3291v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3291v1
Background.The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests play an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate the physical fitness aptitudes of children and adolescents based on age and sex from the lake region of Itaipú, Brazil. Methods.A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 5,962 students (2938 males and 3,024 females) with an age range of 6.0 and 17.9 years. Weight (kg), height (cm), and triceps (mm), and sub-scapular skinfolds (mm) were measured. Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2) was calculated. To evaluate the 4 physical fitness aptitude dimensions (morphological, muscular strength, flexibility, and cardio-respiratory), the following physical education tests were given to the students: sit-and-reach (cm), push-ups (rep), standing long jump (cm), and 20-m shuttle run (m). Results and Discussion.Females showed greater flexibility in the sit-and-reach test and greater body fat than the males. No differences were found in BMI. Percentiles were created for the 4 components for the physical fitness aptitudes, BMI, and skinfolds by using the LMS method based on age and sex. The proposed reference values may be used for detecting talents and promoting health in children and adolescents.