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Zhang Z, Luo L, Tan X, Kong X, Yang J, Wang D, Zhang D, Jin D, Liu Y.2017. Pumpkin powdery mildew disease severity influences the fungal diversity of the phyllosphere. PeerJ Preprints5:e3278v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3278v1
Phyllosphere microbiota play a crucial role in plant-environment interactions and are influenced by biotic and abiotic factors. However, there is little research on how pathogen s affect the microbial community. In this study, we collected 16 pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) leaf samples showing symptoms of powdery mildew disease with different disease severity levels ranging from L1 (least severe) to L4 (most severe). We examined the fungal community structure and diversity by Illumina MiSeq sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal RNA genes. The fungal communities were dominated by members of the Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. The dominant genus was Podosphaera on the diseased leaves, which was the key pathogen responsible for the pumpkin powdery mildew. Ascomycota and Podosphaeraincreased in abundance as disease severity increased from L1 to L4, and were significantly more abundant than other microorganisms at disease severity L4 (P<0.05). The richness and diversity of the fungal community increased from L1 to L2, and then declined from L2 to L4, likely due to the biotic pressure at disease severity L4. Maintaining species richness in the phyllosphere will be an important part of managing disease control in this agroecological system and an essential step toward predictable biocontrol of powdery mildew in pumpkin.
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The unique and common OTUs and their taxonomic annotation in the four different samples