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Lionfish (Pterois sp.) invade the upper bathyal zone in the western Atlantic

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RT @ERiKa_GRess: Non-native lionfish in the deep sea. https://t.co/JnY8ml37Xn via @PeerJPreprints
RT @ThinkDeepReef: First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBY…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBY…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBY…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: Invasive #lionfish in western #Atlantic found on #shallow, #mesophotic and now #deepsea #reefs: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBY…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: Invasive #lionfish in western #Atlantic found on #shallow, #mesophotic and now #deepsea #reefs: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ…
RT @ThinkDeepReef: New: #lionfish invade the #deepsea in Bermuda & Honduras! https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ Preprint from: @ERiKa_GRess @water_nom…
New: #lionfish invade the #deepsea in Bermuda & Honduras! https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ Preprint from: @ERiKa_GRess @water_nomad @AlexDavidRogers https://t.co/8Va9wcywXJ
RT @ThinkDeepReef: First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBY…
Invasive #lionfish in western #Atlantic found on #shallow, #mesophotic and now #deepsea #reefs: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ https://t.co/QFCfgx16t8
First preliminary @nektonmission results - documenting deep-sea invasive lionfish around Bermuda: https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ (cc @OliverSteeds) https://t.co/RhOaCNK8qU
Our new preprint just published https://t.co/1XwMeqRBYJ #DeepSea #Invasive #Lionfish #DeepLionfish
210 days ago
Lionfish (Pterois sp.) invade the upper bathyal zone in the western Atlantic https://t.co/ybmURPdDyB
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Additional Information

Competing Interests

KS is the owner of the Roatan Institute of Deepsea Exploration.

Author Contributions

Erika Gress conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Dominic A Andradi-Brown conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Lucy Woodall conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Pamela J Schofield performed the experiments, analyzed the data, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Karl Stanley performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Alex D Rogers conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This study describes visual and video observations of lionfish (Pterois sp.) in the deep sea. No ethical review was required to conduct these observations in either Bermuda or Honduras.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

All raw data for this study is available from the US Geological Survey Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database (https://nas.er.usgs.gov).

Funding

DAAB is funded by a Fisheries Society of the British Isles (FSBI) Ph.D. Studentship. EG was supported by a Student Conference on Conservation Science Miriam Rothschild Travel Bursary. This research was undertaken as part of the XL Catlin Deep Ocean Survey - Nekton’s Mission to the North West Atlantic and Bermuda. Nekton acknowledges the support of XL Catlin and the Garfield Western Foundation. This project was supported by the US Geological Survey's Invasive Species Program. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 678760 (ATLAS). This output reflects only the author’s view and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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