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Campbell MA, Alfaro ME, Belasco M, Lopez JA. (2017) Early-branching euteleost relationships: Areas of congruence between concatenation and coalescent model inferences. PeerJ Preprints5:e2903v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2903v1
Phylogenetic inference based on evidence from DNA sequences has led to significant strides in the development of a stable and robustly supported framework for the vertebrate tree of life. To date, the bulk of those advances have relied on sequence data from a small number of genome regions that have proven unable to produce satisfactory answers to consistently recalcitrant phylogenetic questions. Here, we re-examine phylogenetic relationships among early-branching euteleostean fish lineages classically grouped in the Protacanthopterygii using DNA sequence data surrounding ultraconserved elements. We report and examine a dataset of thirty-four OTUs with 17,957 aligned characters from fifty-three nuclear loci. Phylogenetic analysis is conducted both in concatenated and joint gene trees and species tree estimation frameworks. Both analytical frameworks yield supporting evidence for existing hypotheses of relationship for the placement of Lepidogalaxias salamandroides, monophyly of the Stomiatii and the presence of an esociform + salmonid clade. Lepidogalxias salamandroides and the Esociformes + Salmoniformes are successive sister lineages to all other euteleosts in the two analysis types receiving high support values for this arrangement. However, inter-relationships of Argentiniformes, Stomiatii and Neoteleostei remain uncertain as they varied by analysis type while receiving strong and contradictory indices of support. Topological differences between analysis types are apparent within the Ostarioclupeomorpha and the percomorph taxa in the data set. Our results identify concordant areas with strong support for relationships within and between early-branching euteleost lineages but they also reveal limitations in the ability of larger datasets to conclusively resolve other aspects of that phylogeny.
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Supplemental Table S1
Sampling scheme with classification of taxa included in this study following Betancur-R. et al. (2013).
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