Specimen treatment for contrast-enhanced µCT scanning
Specimen treatment for muscle architecture dissections
Full table of architecture, including functional ratios
Abbreviations and symbols: Mm, muscle mass; Mmtu, muscle-tendon unit mass; Lm, muscle length; Lmtu, muscle-tendon unit length; Lf, fascicle length; θ, pennation angle; PCSA, physiological cross-sectional area.
Measured and predicted body masses from humeral and femoral mid-diaphyseal circumferences
PCSA:Origin Area ratios for m. supracoracoideus
Homologies of m. deltoideus acromialis and m. scapulohumeralis anterior
High-contrast version of Figure 7
Functional morphospace comparing normalized PCSA against normalized fascicle length. Muscles tend to vary along either one axis or the other, consistent with a tradeoff between force production (y-axis) and working range (x-axis). Muscle abbreviations and color-coding follow Figure 1 legend.