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Hole in One: an element reduction approach to modeling bone porosity in finite element analysis

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RT @Tseng_ZJ: A "Hole in One"! @BeatricheGPS's thesis preprint has been published today in @PeerJPreprints https://t.co/A1jYM1yms4 #Computa…
32 days ago
RT @Tseng_ZJ: A "Hole in One"! @BeatricheGPS's thesis preprint has been published today in @PeerJPreprints https://t.co/A1jYM1yms4 #Computa…
My preprint has been published today in @PeerJPreprints https://t.co/jaUclgKHdb #ComputationalBiology #EvolutionaryStudies #Paleontology
RT @Tseng_ZJ: A "Hole in One"! @BeatricheGPS's thesis preprint has been published today in @PeerJPreprints https://t.co/A1jYM1yms4 #Computa…
A "Hole in One"! @BeatricheGPS's thesis preprint has been published today in @PeerJPreprints https://t.co/A1jYM1yms4 #ComputationalBiology #EvolutionaryStudies #Paleontology
33 days ago
Hole in One: an element reduction approach to modeling bone porosity in finite element analysis https://t.co/9HeZzZgEob https://t.co/uchVO0eLVs
Hole in One: an element reduction approach to modeling bone porosity in finite element analysis https://t.co/MBV9aSGOyh https://t.co/Ie0Eats6Vd
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Supplemental Information

Scan numbers and filled volume of the CC

The high-resolution CT-scans were obtained with the GE v|tome|x s scanner at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-1

Code performance consistency

1 to 10 points refer to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. I to V refer to the five coded modified cylinders. Beneath those values, we present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-2

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-3

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-4

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-5

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-6

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-7

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-8

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-9

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-10

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-11

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-12

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-13

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-14

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-15

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-16

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-17

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-18

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-19

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-20

von Mises stress values and statistical analysis

1 to 10 points refers to the sampled points. Being 1 at the top area of the cylinder and 10 at the bottom. T1 to T4 refers to each transect (left column stress in MPa; right column node number). The final four columns present some statistical information (Mean: average; Stdev: standard deviation; Sterr: standard error of the mean; 95% CI: Confident Interval at 95 percent).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27909v1/supp-21

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Beatriz L Santaella conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Z. Jack Tseng conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

Data is available at GITHUB, as ~BeaSantaella/Hole-in-One https://github.com/BeaSantaella/Hole-in-One

Data is available at Zendodo, as ~Hole in One https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3344501

Funding

B. Santaella was funded by a research scholarship from the Functional Anatomy and Vertebrate Evolution Laboratory. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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