This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Cite this article
Nakajima R, Rimachi EV, Santos-Silva EN, Khen A, Yamane T, Mazeroll AI, Inuma JC, Utumi EY, Tanaka A.2017. The abundance and biomass of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary of the Negro and the Amazon Rivers. PeerJ Preprints5:e2769v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2769v1
The boundary zone between two different hydrological regimes is often a biologically enriched environment with distinct planktonic communities. In the center of the Amazon River basin, muddy white water of the Amazon River meets with black water of the Negro River, creating a conspicuous visible boundary spanning over 10 km along the Amazon River. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the confluence boundary between the white and black water rivers concentrates prey and is used as a feeding habitat for juvenile fish by investigating the abundance, biomass and distribution of mesozooplankton and ichthyoplankton communities across the two rivers. Our results show that mesozooplankton abundance and biomass were higher in the black-water river compared to the white-water river; however an exceptionally high mesozooplankton abundance was not observed in the confluence boundary. Nonetheless we found the highest abundance of ichthyoplankton in the confluence boundary, being up to 9-fold higher than in adjacent rivers. The confluence boundary between black and white water rivers may function as a boundary layer that offers benefits of both high zooplankton prey concentrations (black-water) and low predation risk (white-water). This forms a plausible explanation for the high abundance of ichthyoplankton in the confluence zone of black and white water rivers.
"Following" is like subscribing to any updates related to a preprint.
These updates will appear in your home dashboard each time you visit PeerJ.
You can also choose to receive updates via daily or weekly email digests.
If you are following multiple preprints then we will send you
no more than one email per day or week based on your preferences.
Note: You are now also subscribed to the subject areas of this preprint
and will receive updates in the daily or weekly email digests if turned on.
You can add specific subject areas through your profile settings.