Purpose: To compare the intraoperative angle stability and the postoperative outflow of two ab interno trabeculectomy devices that excise the trabecular meshwork. The newer device has an active aspiration and irrigation port while the older requires viscoelastic to maintain the anterior chamber. We hypothesized that anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) allows quantifying the intraoperative behavior in a microincisional glaucoma surgery (MIGS) pig eye training model.
Methods: Twelve freshly enucleated porcine eyes were measured with ASOCT at baseline, at the beginning of the procedure and at its conclusion to determine the anterior chamber depth (ACD) and the nasal angle in degrees. The right and left eye of pairs were randomly assigned 24 to an active dual blade goniectome (aDBG) and a passive dual blade goniectome (pDBG) group, 25 respectively. The aDBG had an irrigation and aspiration port while the pDBG required surgery 26 under viscoelastic. We performed the procedures using our MIGS training system with a 27 standard, motorized ophthalmic operating microscope. We estimated outflow by obtaining 28 canalograms with fluorescent spheres.
Results: In aDBG, the nasal angle remained wide open during the procedure at above 90° and 30 did not change towards the end (100±10%, p=0.9). In contrast, in pDBG, ACD decreased by 31 51±19% to 21% below baseline (p<0.01) while the angle progressively narrowed by 40±12% 32 (p<0.001). Canalograms showed a similar extent of access to the outflow tract with the aDBG 33 and the pDBG (p=0.513). The average increase for the aDBG in the superonasal and inferonasal 34 quadrants was between 27 to 31% and for the pDBG between 15 to 18%.
Conclusion: ASOCT demonstrated that active irrigation and aspiration improved anterior 36 chamber maintenance and ease of handling with the aDBG in this MIGS training model. The 37 immediate postoperative outflow was equally good with both devices.