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Biosafety considerations of open air genetic engineering. An analysis of the New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority’s reasons for not classifying organisms treated with double-stranded RNA as genetically modified or new organisms

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Biosafety considerations of open air genetic engineering. An analysis of the New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority’s reasons for not classifying organisms treated with double-stranded RNA as genetically modified or new organisms https://t.co/quyEJdaMCR https://t.co/8ZivbdRGwT
Biosafety considerations of open air genetic engineering. An analysis of the New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority’s reasons for not classifying organisms treated with double-stranded RNA as genetically modified or new organisms https://t.co/8YZcBBDp9E The New…
151 days ago
Biosafety considerations of open air genetic engineering. An analysis of the New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority’s reasons for not classifying organisms treated with double-stranded RNA as genetically modified or new organisms https://t.co/MYcWXWFc0y https://t.co/YtSx1FV4RF
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Supplemental Information

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The author has no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Jack A Heinemann conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Patent Disclosures

The following patent dependencies were disclosed by the authors:

Crawford, M.J., Li, X., Kapoor, M., and Williams, D.J. 2014. Methods and compositions for plant pest control. US 2014/0215656A1, https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/b9/dc/de/c38d48ee9e7f1f/US20140215656A1.pdf

Deikman, J., Schwartz, S.H., Zheng, W., Gabriels, S.H.E.J., Hresko, M.C., Li, X., Tao, N., Williams, D.J., and Xiong, H. 2017. Methods and compositions for delaying senescence and improving disease tolerance and yield in plants. US 9,840,715 Bl, https://patents.google.com/patent/US9840715B1/en.

Fillatti, J., Froman, B., Garvey, G.S., and Hemmes, J.C. 2012. Method for improving shelf life by regulating expression of polyphenol oxidase. WO2014047623A1, https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2014047623A1/en.

Huang, S., Iandolino, A.B., and Peel, G.J. 2018. Methods and compositions for introducing nucleic acids into plants. US 2018/0163219 Al, http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180163219.pdf.

Lam, E. 2012. Edible transgenic plants as oral delivery vehicles for RNA-based therapeutics. WO 2012135820 A2, http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012135820A2.

Van, B.E., Kubler, L., Raemaekers, R., Bogaert, T., and Plaetinck, G. 2011. Methods for controlling pests using RNAi. EP2347759A2, https://www.google.co.nz/patents/EP2347759A2?cl=en.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

There is no raw data. It is a literature review.

Funding

The author received no funding for this work.


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