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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The author declares there are no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Luis J Villanueva-Rivera conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Since there was no collection or manipulation of individuals, approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee was not required.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This research was conducted in the state forests under the authorization of the Department of Natural and Environmental Resources of Puerto Rico (02-IC-068) and at the El Yunque National Forest under the authorization of the United States Forest Service (CNF-2038).

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

Figshare: 10.6084/m9.figshare.806302

Funding

This research was funded by a fellowship from the ”Attaining Research Extensive University Status in Puerto Rico: Building a Competitive Infrastructure” award from the National Science Foundation (0223152) to the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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