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The running kinematics of free-roaming giraffes, measured using a low cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

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RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
17 days ago
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
17 days ago
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
18 days ago
The running kinematics of free-roaming giraffes, measured using a low cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) https://t.co/qg5Uulven7
RT @JohnRHutchinson: Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions…
Preprint: @TheBadLizard & co (incl. me) recorded running giraffes in South Africa with drones to measure their motions, which involve kinematics both similar to and distinct from those of other quadrupeds: https://t.co/SmPjzF4q9R
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Supplemental Information

Regression statistics describing how gait parameters vary with speed

Coefficients are in the form y = au+b. Significant p-values (green shading) were interpreted in the context of the Benjamini-Hochberg critical values, which are adjusted to account for multiple statistical comparisons.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27310v1/supp-1

Gait parameters for 25 strides

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27310v1/supp-2

Example footage of a galloping giraffe

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27310v1/supp-3

Additional Information

Competing Interests

John R Hutchinson is an Academic Editor for PeerJ.

Author Contributions

Christopher K Basu conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Francois Deacon conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, approved the final draft.

John R Hutchinson conceived and designed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Alan M Wilson conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, approved the final draft.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This study had ethical approval from the Royal Veterinary College (URN 2016 1538) to carry out the study on giraffes and humans within its facilities and in fieldwork.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Both the Royal Veterinary College (URN 2016 1538) and the University of the Free State, South Africa (UFS-AED2016/0063) provided full approval for this observational research on giraffes.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Field experiments were approved by the Free State Province Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs (permit number 01/34481)

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

Dryad. Data can only be deposited upon article acceptance.

Funding

This work was funded by NERC (PhD studentship for CKB; grant no. NE/K004751/1 to JRH), ERC (Advanced grant AD-G 323041 to AMW), National Research Foundation (South African project no. V106005 to FD), Society for Experimental Biology student travel grant (CKB), and a Company of Biologists Travelling Fellowship (CKB). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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