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The fractal formalism in combination with linear image analysis enables statistically significant description and classification of “irregular” (in terms of Euclidean geometry) shapes, such as, outlines of in vitro flattened cells. We developed an optimal model for classifying bivalve Spisula sachalinensis and Callista brevisiphonata immune cells, based on evaluating their linear and non-linear morphological features: dimensional characteristics (area, perimeter), various parameters of cell bounding circle, convex hull, cell symmetry, roundness, and a number of fractal dimensions and lacunarities evaluating the spatial complexity of cells. Proposed classification model is based on Ward’s clustering method, loaded with highest multimodality index factors. This classification scheme groups cells into three morphological types, which can be distinguished both visually and by several linear and quasi-fractal parameters.
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Lists of parameters, their explanation and computation
Full lists of parameters used in this study, their explanation and computation