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Capacity for heat absorption by the wings of the butterfly Tirumala limniace (Cramer)

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9 days ago
Capacity for heat absorption by the wings of the butterfly Tirumala limniace (Cramer) https://t.co/rnP8z3fgVa
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Supplemental Information

Data of heat absorption at different light intensities and wing opening angles

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-1

Data of heat absorption of butterflies with only one right fore wing or only one right hind wing under six light intensities

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-2

Data of wing expanse of fore and hind wings

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-3

The spectral reflectance of wing surface

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-4

The areas of the light areas, dark areas, and the entire wing surface

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-5

Data of heat absorption in four different scale removal treatments

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-6

Real-time temperature at the monitoring points in the heat storage areas and non-heat storage areas during heat absorption by the wing surfaces

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-7

Real-time temperature of wing vein heat transfer channels

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27200v1/supp-8

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Huaijian Liao conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Ting Du performed the experiments, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Yuqi Zhang performed the experiments, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Lei Shi conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Xiyu Huai performed the experiments, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Chengli Zhou performed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Jiang Deng performed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw measurements are provided in the supplementary files 1-8. The data of file 1 were used to illustrate the effect of light intensity and wing opening angle on the heat absorption of butterflies. File 2 shows the differences in heat absorption between fore and hind wings of butterflies. File 3 shows wing expanse of fore and hind wings. Files 4-6 determine the heat absorption and non-heat absorption areas on wing surfaces, and heat absorption capacities of dark and light areas on the wings. Files 7-8 present the storage and transfer of heat on the wing surfaces.

Funding

This study was partially sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 31702072), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Non-profit Research Institution of CAF (CAFYBB2017QA012), and the Special Fund for Forest Scientific Research in the Public Welfare of China (201504305). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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