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The origin of animals as microbial host volumes in nutrient-limited seas

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RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
@avidchemist Indeed & more. You might find our recent hypothesis regarding metazoan multicellularity interesting: https://t.co/ql00ihkFnB
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
31 days ago
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
RT @NigelGoldenfeld: @betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a sy…
@betulland and colleagues suggest a neat idea: evolution of early metazoans is accelerated by the development of a symbiotic microbiome. HGT internally and between it & the host allows the host to have access to an increased pool of genetic novelty. https://t.co/FlStLNz7dz
32 days ago
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
33 days ago
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
33 days ago
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: Birkac astrobiyolog bir araya gelerek organlarin kokeni uzerine bir makale yazdik. Bir astrobiyoloji konferansi sonrasinda o…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
RT @betulland: How did animals originate? Checkout this new preprint by a group of astrobiologists (all of whom are new to this subject). W…
Birkac astrobiyolog bir araya gelerek organlarin kokeni uzerine bir makale yazdik. Bir astrobiyoloji konferansi sonrasinda ortada cikan bu calisma hepimiz icin yeni bir konu, fakat test edilebilir hipotezler urettigimizi dusunuyoruz. Meraklisina: https://t.co/ql00ihkFnB
Bir kac astrobiyolog bir araya gelerek organlarin kokeni uzerine bir makale yazdik. Bir astrobiyoloji konferansi sonrasinda ortada cikan bu calisma hepimiz icin yeni bir konu, fakat test edilebilir hipotezler urettigimizi dusunuyoruz. Meraklisina: https://t.co/ql00ihkFnB
40 days ago
RT @betulland: Take home point of our recent paper: A specialized volume for a microbiome preceded other types of specialized tissues that…
Take home point of our recent paper: A specialized volume for a microbiome preceded other types of specialized tissues that animals are known for. https://t.co/ql00ihkFnB https://t.co/n4UdmtoIz9
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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Zachary R Adam conceived and designed the experiments, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Betul Kacar conceived and designed the experiments, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Sanjoy M. Som conceived and designed the experiments, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Kennda L Lynch authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Marina Walther-Antonio conceived and designed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Kenneth H Williford conceived and designed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The research in this article did not generate any data or code.

Funding

This work was supported by a grant from the Simons Foundation (494291, Z.A.), by John Templeton Foundation (58562, B.K.) and NASA Astrobiology Institute (NNA17BB05A, B.K.). M.W.A. was supported by CTSA Grant Number KL2 TR002379 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. K.H.W. acknowledges the support of a grant from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for work performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.


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