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The châtelperronian Neandertals of Cova Foradada (Calafell, Spain) used Iberian imperial eagle phalanges for symbolic purposes

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276 days ago
The châtelperronian Neandertals of Cova Foradada (Calafell, Spain) used Iberian imperial eagle phalanges for symbolic purposes https://t.co/QIZ7r81kCJ
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Supplemental Information

Neandertal sites and layers with cut-marked raptor phalanges interpreted as symbolic elements

CP: Châtelperronian; CM: Classic Mousterian; L: Levallois; MP: Middle Paleolithic; M: Mousterian; MTA: Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition; N: Neronian; N/A: Not applicable/ Unknown.*The case of Baume de Gigny correspond to a swan

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27133v1/supp-1

NISP, % and Minimal Number of Individuals (NMI) for the Unit IV faunal assemblage at Cova Foradada

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27133v1/supp-2

Average measurements of the opening angle and depth of incision profiles at 30%, 50% and 70% of the grooves total length

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27133v1/supp-3

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Juan Ignacio Morales conceived and designed the experiments, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft, directed the field work.

Artur Cebriá approved the final draft, directed the field work.

Lloyd A. Courtenay analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Juan L. Fernández-Marchena prepared figures and/or tables, approved the final draft.

Gala García García-Argudo conceived and designed the experiments, approved the final draft.

Juan Marín contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, approved the final draft.

Palmira Saladié contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, approved the final draft.

Maria Soto approved the final draft.

José-Miguel Tejero conceived and designed the experiments, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Josep-María Fullola approved the final draft, iP of the project.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

We plan to submit a high-resolution 3D digital model of the object analysed along with the paper in the final version. This model can be used to reproduce all the analyses presented here

Funding

This research is financed by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (HAR2017-86509-P) and Generalitat de Catalunya through (2017 SGR 11) and (2014/100482) projects (PI, J.M.F.). The research work of A. R.-H. was financed by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (FJCI-2015-24144, Subprograma Juan de la Cierva) and CGL2015-65387-C3-1-P (MINECO/FEDER). The research work of J.-M.T was funded by CNRS UMR 7041 ArScAn équipe Ethnologie préhistorique (Dir. P. Bodu). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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