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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and not necessarily those of her institution or affiliated organizations. Thee author is the founder of the ’Why Open Research?’ project, an open scholarship advocacy and educational site funded in part by the Shuttleworth Foundation. She is also an advisor for several open scholarship projects and services, including the BOAI 15th Anniversary Working Group, Center for Open Science, ContentMine, DORA, figshare, OpenCon, Overleaf, and PeerJ Preprints – all in a volunteer capacity.

Author Contributions

Erin C McKiernan wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

This is an opinion piece/review article. As such, I do not have any associated code or data to share.


This article was originally a white paper submitted as part of a conference jointly supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) entitled, "Imagining Tomorrow’s University: Rethinking scholarship, education, and institutions for an open, networked era" (, held March 8th and 9th in Rosemont, IL. Funding for this event was provided in part by NSF grant ACI-1645571 (PI: Daniel S. Katz), and NIH grants 5 U24 ES026465 02 and 3 U24 ES026465 02S1 (PI: John Darrell Van Horn). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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