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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Verónica L. Urgilés conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Juan Carlos Sánchez-Nivicela conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Diego F Cisneros-Heredia conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Specimens deposited at MZUA were collected under permits 065-DPA-MA-2014 and 019-IC-FAU/FLO-DPZCH-MA issued by Ministerio del Ambiente, Ecuador.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Research was conducted under permits 065-DPA-MA-2014 and 019-IC-FAU/FLO-DPZCH-MA issued by Ministerio del Ambiente, Ecuador.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

All raw data are included in the manuscript.

Funding

Research funding was provided by Universidad del Azuay (budget code Fondos UDA 2016 [39, 2016]); 2002 Research Training Program (National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution) and the Smithsonian Women's Committee; Programa “Becas de Excelencia”, Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENESCYT), Ecuador; Universidad San Francisco de Quito USFQ (Chancellor's Grant). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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