Effect of temperature on growth of Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PRD-10 in LB Lennox medium
- Subject Areas
- Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Molecular Biology
- growth temperature, growth kinetics, enzyme kinetics, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, cellular maintenance, metabolic processes, biomass formation, Pseudomonas protegens, pH variation, adaptation
- © 2018 Ng
- This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
- Cite this article
- 2018. Effect of temperature on growth of Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PRD-10 in LB Lennox medium. PeerJ Preprints 6:e26901v1 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.26901v1
Temperature affects growth of bacteria by influencing enzyme and growth kinetics. Specifically, evolution selects for specific temperature range in which a microbe could thrive, and thus fix the temperature range in which biomolecule structure and function are finely tuned for coping with the thermal conditions prevailing within a cell at a particular temperature. Using aerobic culture in LB Lennox medium in shake flasks, this study aimed to understand the growth of Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 (ATCC BAA-477) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PRD-10 (ATCC 15442) at 25, 30 and 37 oC. Experiment results revealed that P. protegens Pf-5 grew very poorly at 37 oC (with maximal optical density of 0.66), while better growth was observed at 25 and 30 oC. Specifically, P. protegens Pf-5 appeared to be better adapted to growth at 25 oC, where the maximal optical density obtained was 5.3 compared to 4.6 at 30 oC. More importantly, two phase growth behaviour was observed during growth at 30 oC where a faster initial phase of growth was followed by a slower one. Growth at 25 and 30 oC exhibited similar pH trend, which suggested similar metabolic processes was activated during growth. On the other hand, P. aeruginosa PRD-10 demonstrated a more efficient conversion of LB Lennox medium into biomass where the maximal optical density obtained at all three growth temperatures were higher than those of P. protegens Pf-5. More importantly, growth of P. aeruginosa PRD-10 exhibited a clear adaptation to growth at 25 and 37 oC, while growth at 30 oC resulted in a lower biomass yield compared to that of 25 and 37 oC. On the other hand, pH variation during culture revealed that P. aeruginosa PRD-10 likely activated similar metabolic processes at all three growth temperatures, where a higher growth temperature would result in the net secretion of more alkaline metabolites. Collectively, P. protegens Pf-5 and P. aeruginosa PRD-10 demonstrated clear temperature adaptation at an evolutionary level. In addition, experiment data suggested that P. aeruginosa PRD-10 might have co-evolved with humans on a substantial time scale resulting in a temperature preference of 37 oC over 30 oC.
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