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This paper presents a model of the Ecological Economy as instrument of management lands. The model relates the human capital with natural capital and pursuing the environmental sustainability in primary emphasis in the economic system. The protection of biodiversity must be part of a long-term development strategy. A profit becomes sustainable when its increase or its stability is not negatively affecting the natural capital over time. The identification of the equilibrium point in a set of lands permits the pinpoint of a baskets of goods and services that it maintains the biodiversity level in a target area. The basket identified is the key tool to address the management policy in the target areas. These policies will promote economic sustainable growth with more income for the families of the local communities in the park area for a selected target of lands. Thus, the decision process in the land management will be the result of a scientific identification process.
This paper deals with a model approach to explain ecological economics of West African forests. This article is based on my long-term experience in such West African countries as Togo, Ghana and Nigeria.