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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Liu Lin conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Qing Ru Hu conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables.

Jonathan Julio Fong analyzed the data, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Jiang Bo Yang conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Zhong Dong Chen conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Fei Yu Zhou conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Ji Chao Wang contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Fan Rong Xiao contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Hai Tao Shi conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Animal Research Ethics Committee of Hainan Provincial Education Center for Ecology and Environment, Hainan Normal University

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Administration and Services Centre of Nanjing County, Fujian Province, China

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw data/code is included in the manuscript as Table 1 and Table 2.

Funding

This study was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (31772486), Hainan College Scientific Research Project (Hnky 2015-26). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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