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Distributional variability of bacterial wilt of chili incited by Ralstonia solanacearum in eight agro-ecological zones of Pakistan

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193 days ago
Distributional variability of bacterial wilt of chili incited by Ralstonia solanacearum in eight agro-ecological zones of Pakistan https://t.co/zJdJi5O0Lv
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Supplemental Information

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Thatta (Indus Delta)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-1

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Badin (Indus Delta)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-2

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Mirpur Khas (Southern Irrigated Plain)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-3

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Umer kot (Southern Irrigated Plain)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-4

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Sanghar (Sandy Deserts)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-5

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Bahawalpur (Sandy Deserts)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-6

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Multan (Northern Irrigated Plain)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-7

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Pak Pattan (Northern Irrigated Plain)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-8

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Kasur (Northern Irrigated Plain)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-9

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Attock (Barani Areas)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-10

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Loralai (Western Dry Mountains)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-11

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Karak (Western Dry Mountains)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-12

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Barkhan (Suleiman Piedmont)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-13

Incidence of bacterial wilt of chilies caused by R. solanacearum in ten sites of district Nowshera (Wet Mountains)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-14

Individual response of 114 strains of R. solanacearum to different sugars and carbohydrates

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26668v1/supp-15

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Muhammad N Aslam conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Tariq Mukhtar conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The farmers contacted with their consent are

Allah Wasaya, Shabbir Hussain, Ghulam Rasool, Ali Murad Rahoo, Bashir Ahmad, Shoukat Ibrahim, Nadeem Shah, Arqam Mubarak, Fayyaz Ahmad, Syed Fareed Naqvi, Ghulam Nabi, Pinwar, Sarwar Hussain, Jameel Ahmad, Muhammd Amjad, Sajjad Ali, Mukhtar Ahmad, Muhammad Younas, Fahad Nadeem, Talha Tahir, Tahir Khan Jamali, Muhammad ShahidBaloch, Ejaz Yaseen, Ahmad Khan, Waris Ahmad, Mir Hassan Baloch, Abdul Karim Jaffar, Rashid Minhas, Badar Naseem Siddiqui, Ramees Ahmad, Atta ur Rehman, Jehangir Mustafa, Inam Ulhaq, Ehsanullan, Sajid Aleem, Sheikh Muneeb, Faheem Ahmad, Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Rehan, Zakir Hussain, Anwar ul Haq, M. Tariq-Khan, Moazzam Jameel, Nafees Ahmad, Raja Basharat Ali, Syed Ali Nawaz

The permission for conducting field surveys was given by my Ph.D. supervisor Prof. Dr. Tariq Mukhtar form PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

His email contact is drtmukhtar@uaar.edu.pk

We in Pakistan have access to every farmer fields. However, we verbally agree to visit the field in the better interests of the farmers.

Funding

The authors received no funding for this work. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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