This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Cite this article
Franci A, Herrera-Valdez MA, Lara-Aparicio M, Padilla-Longoria P.2018. Synchronization, oscillator death, and frequency modulation in a class of biologically inspired coupled oscillators. PeerJ Preprints6:e26447v2https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.26447v2
The general purpose of this paper is to build up on our understanding of the basic mathematical principles that underlie the emergence of synchronous biological rhythms, in particular, the circadian clock. To do so, we study the role that the coupling strength, coupling type, and noise play in the synchronization of a system of coupled, nonlinear oscillators. First, we study a deterministic model based on Van der Pol coupled oscillators, modeling a population of diffusively coupled cells, to find regions in the parameter space for which synchronous oscillations emerge and to provide conditions under which diffusive coupling kills the synchronous oscillation. Second, we study how noise and coupling interact and lead to synchronous oscillations in linearly coupled oscillators, modeling the interaction between various pacemaker populations, each having an endogenous circadian clock. To do so, we use the Fokker-Planck equation associated to the system. We show how coupling can tune the frequency of the emergent synchronous oscillation, which provides a general mechanism to make fast (ultradian) pacemakers slow (circadian) and synchronous via coupling. The basic mechanisms behind the generation of oscillations and the emergence of synchrony that we describe here can be used to guide further studies of coupled
oscillations in biophysical nonlinear models.
The paper has been edited to emphasize the focus of the paper and the results.