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Supplemental Information

Appendix 1

R code for data handling, analyses, and figure plotting.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.249v1/supp-1

Appendix 2.

Data as text (.txt) file.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.249v1/supp-2

Appendix 3.

Supplementary figures/results. Including Fig. A1 (comparing response variables when measured at the focal [within] trophic level or at adjacent [bottom-up and top-down] trophic levels; Fig. A2 (jacknife simulations of removing individual studies from the effect of producer richness on consumption); Fig. A3 (state vs. rate variables).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.249v1/supp-3

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Lars Gamfeldt conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jonathan S Lefcheck conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jarrett E K Byrnes conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Bradley J Cardinale conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

J. Emmett Duffy conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

John N Griffin conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Grant Disclosures

The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:

L.G. was supported by grant 621-2009-5457 from the Swedish Research Council VR. J.E.D. had support from NSF OCE-1031061; B.J.C. had support from NSF DEB-1046121.

Funding

This work is part of the NCEAS working group “Biodiversity and the Functioning of Ecosystems: Translating Results from Model Experiments into Functional Reality”. Support for NCEAS comes from University of California Santa Barbara and the National Science Foundation. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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