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Supplemental Information

S1 Appendix: Probability of equal residual value resulting from different combinations of Residence Distance (RD) and Residence Time (RT)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2480v1/supp-1

S2 Appendix: Temporal sub-sampling of gray-headed albatross GPS tracks using Residence in Space and Time (RST) method

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2480v1/supp-2

S3 Appendix: R code and example dataset for running Residence in Space and Time (RST) method

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2480v1/supp-3

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Leigh G Torres conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Rachael A. Orben conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Irina Tolkova conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

David R Thompson wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper, data collection.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

All handling of albatross was conducted under permit issued by the New Zealand Department of Conservation and was approved by the NIWA animal ethics committee. All effort was made to minimize handling time and any suffering to animals.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Field work on Campbell Island was approved by The New Zealand Department of Conservation.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The grey-headed albatross dataset supporting the conclusions of this article is available in the BirdLife Seabird Tracking Database [http://seabirdtracking.org/; Dataset 1082]. The fisher, African buffalo, and Galapagos tortoise datasets are available from movebank.org, and the blue whale satellite track is available in Bailey et al. 2009.

The RST code is available in the supplementary zip file, and will soon be available as an R package.

Funding

Data contributions were provided by S. LaPoint (fisher; funded by National Geographic Society Waitt Grant #W157-11), P. Cross (African buffalo; funded by NSF and National Institutes of Health Ecology of Infectious Disease program DEB-0090323), S. Blake (Galapagos tortoise; supported by Max Plank Institute of Ornithology, National Science Foundation (NSF; 1258062), The Galapagos Conservation Trust, Swiss Friends of Galapagos, e-obs GmbH, Galapagos National Park), and B. Mate (blue whale; funded by Office of Naval Research (ONR-0310861) and the Tagging of Pacific Pelagics (TOPP) program). Funding was provided by New Zealand’s Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment for albatross data collection (C01X0905), and by the NSF REU Site program (NSF OCE-1263349). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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