I've carefully read your pre-print and, even though I am not a specialist (and for this I've been struggling with several passages of the text), I've found it of great interest. It is something that should be made available for a large public, and my comment is mainly related to this aspect (on more specific points I will post a couple of questions in the dedicated area).
The strong point is highlighting the ongoing process of reducing human lifes in finite numbers for industrial, institutional or political use; this is something concerning the life of every citizen of each World Country and is still insufficiently debated and taken into account by citizens themselves.
About the structure of the paper, I find two main subjects treated in it: the technical-scientific issue (we all are ill-prepared to the challenges we are facing under a technical-scientific profile) and the political issue (USA are ill-prepared to face the challenges coming from Chinese system). Well, it seems to me these two subjects are mixed in the paper in a way the relationship between them is not completely clear; for example, with regards to political aspects: why China only would represent a true danger? The cyber-security and the related privacy issues are represented in the Occident also and present times technology makes it possible great (informatic) damages with small or very small investments.
Two comments about the technical-scientific aspect: by the one hand, I agree with your picture of the scientific research troubles (CS as well as any other field), a question I am still dealing with. By the other hand, I had some difficulty in reading the text because of its highly technical form; for example, I could not clear all the acronyms and could not understand some citations referred to areas actually out of my reaching.
On the whole, I confirm I found the work very interesting and worth a large diffusion.