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Supplemental Information

Olfactometer setup

Figure 1: Olfactometer setup.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-1

Male and female SHBs responses to individual and whole hive components

Figure 2: Male and female SHBs responses to individual and whole hive components.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-2

A representative chromatogram of chemical components of whole hive odors in Meliponine (Meliponula ferruginea (black) and Honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata)

Fig 3: A representative chromatogram of chemical components of whole hive odors in Meliponine ( Meliponula ferruginea (black) and Honeybees ( Apis mellifera scutellata ).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-3

A representative diagram of unique and common chemical components of whole hive odors in Meliponine bees (Meliponula ferruginea) and Honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata)

Fig 4: A representative diagram of unique and common chemical components of whole hive odors in Meliponine bees ( Meliponula ferruginea ) and Honeybees ( Apis mellifera scutellata ).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-4

A summary of the ANOVA of Aethina tumida responses to odors of four hive components from six Afro tropical meliponine bee species

Table 1: A summary of the ANOVA of Aethina tumida responses to odors of four hive components from six Afro tropical meliponine bee species.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-5

Chemicals identified from the volatiles released by intact Apis mellifera and Meliponula ferruginea colonies

Table 2: Chemicals identified from the volatiles released by intact Apis mellifera and Meliponula ferruginea colonies.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1/supp-6

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Bridget O Bobadoye conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

Fombong T. Ayuka conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Nkoba Kiatoko contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Suresh Raina contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Peter Teal contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, experimental study.

Baldwyn Torto conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw data has been supplied as a supplementary file.

Funding

African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) provided an advanced science internship, the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology – icipe (Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Unit (BCEU) provided valuable material and technical support for this project for access and use of its meliponary in Kakamega, Kenya for the study. This project was partly funded by the United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service Project No. SCA-586615-7-119F and icipe CORE funds. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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