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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Eman A Anis conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Linda A Frank conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Raquel Francisco conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper, provided the idea for the study.

Stephen A Kania conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The tissue samples were obtained after being removed for clinical purposes only. The removal of the tissues was not part of the study design. For one dog, the owner routinely removes the corns. This time she brought them to us rather than throw them away. The second dog had the corns removed because they were causing discomfort. And then rather than throw them away, the samples were mailed to us for investigation as to if papillomavirus was involved.

DNA Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of DNA sequences:

GenBank KU569988

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw data or code is included in the manuscript.

Funding

The authors received no funding for this work.


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