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Walsh P, Veith T, Rodriguez C, Molina R, Lona N, Habebo E, Caldera E, Garcia C, Veazy G. (2013) Using a pacifier to decrease sudden infant death syndrome: An emergency department educational intervention. PeerJ PrePrints1:e167v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.167v1
Background: Pacifier use decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). An emergency department (ED) visit may provide an opportunistic ‘teachable moment’ for parents. Objectives: To test the hypotheses (1) that caregivers were less familiar with the role of pacifiers in sudden infant death (SIDS) prevention than other recommendations, and (2) that an ED educational intervention would increase pacifier use in infants younger than six months, and (3) that otitis media would not occur more frequently in pacifier users. Methods: An intervention-group-only longitudinal study in a county hospital ED. We measured pacifier use infants and baseline knowledge of SIDs prevention recommendations in caregivers. We followed up three months later to determine pacifier use, and 12 months later to determine episodes of otitis media. Results: We analyzed data for 780 infants. Parents knew of advice against co-sleeping in 469/780 (60%), smoking in 660/776 (85%), and prone sleeping in 613/780 (79%). Only 268/777 (35%) knew the recommendation to offer a pacifier at bedtime. At enrollment 449/780 (58%) did not use a pacifier. Of 210/338 infants aged less than 6 months followed up 41/112 (37%) non-users had started using a pacifier at bedtime (NNT 3). Over the same period, 37/98 (38%) users had discontinued their pacifier. Otitis media did not differ between users and non-users at 12 months. Conclusion: Caregiver knowledge of the role of pacifiers in SIDS prevention was less than for other recommendations. Our educational intervention appeared to increase pacifier use. Pacifier use was not associated with increased otitis media.
What is known about this topic: Pacifier use can reduce the risk of Sudden infant death syndrome. Emergency department (ED) visits may represent teachable moments where educational interventions are particularly effective.What this study adds: Parents were much less aware of the pacifier recommendation than other SIDS prevention recommendations. An ED educational intervention was associated with an increase in pacifier use (NNT3) but was labor intensive.
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