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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Kwang-Ming Liu conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Chiao-Bin Wu performed the experiments, analyzed the data, prepared figures and/or tables.

Shoou-Jeng Joung contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Wen-Pei Tsai analyzed the data, prepared figures and/or tables.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw data will be provided after acceptance.


This project was funded by the National Science Council, Republic of China. No other commercial party having a direct or indirect interest in the subject matter of this article has conferred or will confer a benefit upon the author or upon organization with which the author is associated. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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