Visitors   Views   Downloads
"PeerJ Preprints" is a venue for early communication or feedback before peer review. Data may be preliminary.

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

View peer-reviewed version

Additional Information

Competing Interests

Bruno Lomonte is an Academic Editor for PeerJ. There are no other competing interests to declare regarding this manuscript.

Author Contributions

Maritza Fernández Culma performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Jaime A Pereañez performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Vitelbina Núñez Rangel conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Bruno Lomonte analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The "Programa de Ofidismo/Escorpionismo" has institutional permission from Universidad de Antioquia to have a serpentarium to keep live snakes for scientific research purposes.


This work was funded by grants obtained from Universidad de Antioquia Sostenibilidad (2013-2014), and from Vicerrectoría de Investigación, Universidad de Costa Rica (project "Network for proteomic characterization of snake venoms of medical and biological relevance in Latin America"; 741-B3-760). The Proteomics Laboratory of the Instituto Clodomiro Picado is partially supported by the Vicerrectoría de Investigación, UCR. Maritza Fernández received a Young Researcher Fellowship from COLCIENCIAS. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Add your feedback

Before adding feedback, consider if it can be asked as a question instead, and if so then use the Question tab. Pointing out typos is fine, but authors are encouraged to accept only substantially helpful feedback.

Some Markdown syntax is allowed: _italic_ **bold** ^superscript^ ~subscript~ %%blockquote%% [link text](link URL)
By posting this you agree to PeerJ's commenting policies