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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

David J Gonthier conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Ryan Kuesel performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Ivette Perfecto conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The datasets associated with this manuscript will be published in a third party location upon publication in a peer reviewed journal.


Funding and support were provided by the University of Michigan, Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Rackham Graduate School, NSF-GRF (DGE-0718128) to D. Gonthier, NSF grant (DEB-1309786) to D. Gonthier and I. Perfecto, and NSF grant (DEB-1020096) to S. Philpott. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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