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Supplemental Information

Supplemental Information 1

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.13v2/supp-1

Supplemental Information 2

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.13v2/supp-2

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that there are no competing interests regarding this manuscript.

Author Contributions

Stephen E Harris conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Jason Munshi-South conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Craig Obergfell performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Rachel O'Neill conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

All animal procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Brooklyn College, CUNY (Protocol No. 247), and adhered to the Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the Use of Wild Mammals in Research (Sikes & Gannon 2011).

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (License to Collect or Possess Wildlife No. 1603)

New York City Department of Parks and Recreation

Grant Disclosures

The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:

National Science Foundation DEB 0817259

National Institute of General Medical Sciences / National Institutes of Health 1R15GM099055-01A1

DNA Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of DNA sequences:

GenBank Sequence Read Archive (SRA) Accession Number SRP020005

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

Datasets associated with this preprint will be available on Data Dryad at http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.r8ns3

Funding

This work was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation (DEB 0817259) and National Institute of General Medical Sciences / National Institutes of Health (1R15GM099055-01A1) to JM-S, and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship to SEH. The Center for Applied Genetics and Technology at UCONN provided funding for RO and CO. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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