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Supplemental Information

Additional Information

Competing Interests

These authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Paolo Usseglio conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Alan M. Friedlander conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Edward E. DeMartini wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Anna Schuhbauer conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Pelayo Salinas de Léon performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This project was conducted under permits: PC-19-11, PC-24-13, and PC-25-14 from the Galapagos National Park, animal manipulation was exempt under Protocol 11-1284 from the Animal Welfare and Use Program, University of Hawai'i.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This project was conducted under permits: PC-19-11, PC-24-13, and PC-25-14 from the Galapagos National Park, animal manipulation was exempt under Protocol 11-1284 from the Animal Welfare and Use Program, University of Hawai'i.

Funding

This research was partly supported by grants from the Lindblad Expeditions-National Geographic Joint Fund for Conservation and Research, The Galapagos Conservation Trust, The Mohammed Species Conservation Fund, The Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund and The Helmsley Charitable Trust. Travel costs to Galapagos, as well as sample processing were self-funded by the lead author, sample processing materials and equipment were provided by the Fisheries Ecology Research Lab, University of Hawai’i. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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