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  1. (February 12, 2016) A peer-reviewed version of this preprint has been published online at Freshwater Biology.

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Jonathan D Tonkin conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jani Heino conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Andrea Sundermann contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Peter Haase contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Sonja C Jähnig contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Funding

This study was partly financed by the research funding program LOEWE (Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-oekonomischer Exzellenz) of Hesse’s Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and the Arts. JH was supported by the Academy of Finland. SCJ acknowledges funding by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) for “GLANCE” (Global change effects in river ecosystems; reference number 01LN1320A). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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