Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

30 downloads
109 views

Understanding habitat use and spatial distribution of wildlife could help conservationists determine high-priority areas and enhance conservation efforts. In this study, we studied habitat use, preference and utilization distribution of two Gruidae species (Black-necked...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3387v1
30 downloads
128 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
49 downloads
335 views

In translational medicine, the technology of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) continues to prove powerful, and transforming the RNA-seq data into biological insights has become increasingly imperative. We present the Transcriptomics profiler for Easy Discovery (TED) toolkit,...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Translational Medicine","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3385v1
29 downloads
119 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
59 downloads
507 views

Background and purpose Oxidative stress is involved in normal and pathological functioning of skeletal muscle. Protection of myoblasts from oxidative stress may improve muscle contraction and delay aging. Here we studied the effect of R. coriaria sumac fruit extract...

["Cell Biology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3383v1
49 downloads
139 views

Background. Native meliponines are currently threatened by increased human impacts. The assessment of their genetic variation by microsatellite DNA markers can assist in the conservation of populations and help in the planning and establishment of efficient management...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3382v1
24 downloads
90 views

Background. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of geographical differences in the age at peak height velocity (APHV) and height at peak height velocity (HPHV) on final height, at a prefectural level, and to evaluate the current average height status...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3381v1
35 downloads
236 views

Previously, we revealed that several kampo medicines that are used for patients with excess and/or medium patterns [kakkonto (TJ-1), shosaikoto (TJ-9), hangeshashinto (TJ-14), and orento (TJ-120)] reduced prostaglandin (PG)E<2 levels using LPS-treated human gingival...

["Cell Biology","Dentistry","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3227v2
34 downloads
112 views

Background Metacommunity theory is a conceptual framework addressing the interdependence of local interactions and regional processes, especially when communities have no clear boundaries and it is difficult to relate community structure and the environment at...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3380v1
25 downloads
132 views

Geographic range is used as a correlate of extinction risk for extant and extinct organisms across the fields of conservation and paleobiology. However, the exact method used to measure geographic range, the biases, and the limitations of each are rarely discussed...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3379v1
44 downloads
124 views

One of the great challenges in ecology and evolutionary biology is to explain disease, whether caused by infectious agents such as parasites and pathogens, or by the deterioration or transformation of cellular behavior and function, a prime example of the latter...

["Evolutionary Studies","Global Health","Public Health","Translational Medicine","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3378v1
42 downloads
201 views

The spindle pole body (SPB) in fungi is the equivalent of the animal centrosome. A number of previous studies have identified many, if not all, components of the SPB. The SPB is the structural platform for microtubule nucleation and plays important roles, both...

["Cell Biology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3377v1
15 downloads
130 views

Most evolutionary analyses or structure modeling are based upon pre-estimated multiple sequence alignment (MSA) models. From a computational point of view, it is too complex to estimate a correct alignment. Hence, increasing or identifying signal inside sequence...

["Bioinformatics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3376v1
37 downloads
109 views

Anthropogenic landscapes provide opportunities for ecologists to deliberately and intentionally design urban food webs. Ecologists working as full, collaborative partners with designers can construct functional food webs for urban environments that benefit society....

["Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3375v1
65 downloads
121 views

The discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by Shinya Yamanaka in 2006 was heralded as a major breakthrough of the decade in stem cell research. The ability to reprogrammed human somatic cells to a pluripotent embryonic stem cell-like state through...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3374v1
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