Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

44 downloads
370 views

The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently announced that they would limit the number of grants per scientist and redistribute their funds across a larger group of researchers. The policy was withdrawn a month later after criticism from the scientific...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3106v1
67 downloads
333 views

Avian malaria and related haemosporidian parasites (genera Haemoproteus, Plasmodium, and Leucocytozoon) affect bird demography, species range limits, and community structure, yet they remain unsurveyed in most bird communities and populations. We conducted a community-level...

["Biodiversity","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2997v2
106 downloads
1,044 views

The sparse dinosaur record of eastern North America has rendered the dinosaurs of the Late Cretaceous landmass of Appalachia obscure. This landmass, isolated from the western landmass Laramidia by a great inland sea known as the Western Interior Seaway, may have...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3105v1
14 downloads
143 views

Hormones play an important role in the regulation of physiological, developmental and behavioural processes. Many of these mechanisms in insects, however, are still not well understood. One way to investigate hormonal regulation is to analyse gene expression patterns...

["Entomology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3104v1
15 downloads
114 views

Scientific terms should be as accurate and meaningful as possible for both researchers and the general science readership. Currently, some scientific terms do not properly describe the activity or function to which they are associated to, being frequently characterized...

["Biochemistry","Genetics","Genomics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3102v1
17 downloads
78 views

Survival of microbes on various surfaces and environment is a question of importance to basic science, as well as health care, water treatment and distribution, ecology, and search for life in other planetary bodies. To this end, various model organisms, known...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3103v1
17 downloads
99 views

Recently, a novel phenomenon of horizontal gene transfer of helicase-encoding sequence from positive-stranded RNA viruses to LINE transposons in insect genomes was described. TRAS family transposons encoding an ORF2 protein, which comprised all typical functional...

["Entomology","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3101v1
1,868 downloads
19,105 views

The website Sci-Hub provides access to scholarly literature via full text PDF downloads. The site enables users to access articles that would otherwise be paywalled. Since its creation in 2011, Sci-Hub has grown rapidly in popularity. However, until now, the extent...

["Bioinformatics","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3100v1
30 downloads
140 views

Plant resistance against insect herbivory has greatly focused on antibiosis, whereby the plant has a deleterious effect on the herbivore, and antixenosis, whereby the plant is able to direct the herbivore away from it. Although these two types of resistance may...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3099v1
29 downloads
202 views

Patagonia, a cul-de-sac for the continental dispersal of Homo sapiens into the Americas, has been extensively analyzed by archaeologists and bioanthropologists. Despite its deep and rich archaeological record, the genetic make up of its pre-contact inhabitants...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3098v1
174 downloads
1,054 views

For almost the entirely of the latter half of the Cretaceous, the continent of North America was divided into two sections, Laramidia in the west and Appalachia in the east. Unfortunately, this latter landmass recorded only a sparse fossil record of dinosaurs,...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3097v3
20 downloads
107 views

In studies of human movement control, an important question is how the central nervous system (CNS) controls movements in the presence of a large number of degrees of freedom (DoFs) at all levels of the control architecture. It is known that CNS groups the multiple...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3080v1
91 downloads
440 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v2
25 downloads
144 views

The Class Bivalvia is a highly successful and ancient group including 20,000+ known species. They represent a good model for studying adaptation (anoxia/hypoxia, salinity, temperature, ...), and they are useful bioindicators for monitoring the concentration of...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3096v1
53 downloads
199 views

Extinction models vary in the information they require, the simplest considering the rate of certain sightings only. More complicated methods include uncertain sightings and allow for variation in the reliability of uncertain sightings. Generally extinction models...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3095v1
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