Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

19 downloads
44 views

4-bit Linear Relations play an important role in Cryptanalysis of 4-bit Bijective Crypto S-boxes. 4-bit finite differences also a major part of cryptanalysis of 4-bit substitution boxes. Count of existence of all 4-bit linear relations, for all of 16 input and...

["Computer Networks and Communications","Cryptography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3441v1
129 downloads
359 views

Digital repositories bring direct impact and influence on the research community and society but measuring their value using formal metrics remains challenging. their value. It is challenging to define a single perfect metric that covers all quality aspects. Here,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Digital Libraries","World Wide Web and Web Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2688v3
36 downloads
77 views

This paper selected clonal cutting seedlings from the F1 hybrid varieties of Physocarpus amurensis Maxim (♀) × Physocarpus opulifolius “Diabolo” (♂) as research material to study the response of the photosynthetic gas exchange parameters and chlorophyll fluorescence...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3440v1
44 downloads
137 views

The larynx is an important morphological structure for sound production in frogs. Recently, high levels of variation in calls and their relation to the morphology of frogs in the family Hylidae, in addition to molecular data, have resulted in significant changes...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3438v1
31 downloads
82 views

Background. Type 2 diabetes, a chronic disease to which susceptibility is hereditary, is characterized by insulin resistance accompanied by defective insulin secretion. Mouse models, especially transgenic mice, play an important role in medical research. However,...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Histology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3437v1
158 downloads
353 views

Organisms of all kinds leave genetic traces in their environments, and in recent years, sequencing this environmental DNA (eDNA) has become a tractable means of surveying many species using water, air, or soil samples. The technique is beginning to become a core...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3436v1
51 downloads
149 views

Background: Simulation-based medical education is more prevalent in undergraduate preclinical medical education and acts as a foundation for clinical learning in years three and four. Currently, there is a call to teach clinical application of basic science material...

["Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3427v2
19 downloads
56 views

Background. Considerable amounts of calcareous soils exist in China and various management practices are used for improving their productivity; however, no holistic view is currently available of their effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil inorganic carbon...

["Soil Science","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3435v1
74 downloads
209 views

This work aims for modeling and simulating the metastasis of cancer, via the analogy between the cancer process and the board game Go. In the game of Go, black stones play first, could correspond to metastasis of cancer. Moreover, playing white stones on the second...

["Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3434v1
1,649 downloads
3,652 views

The "Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster – Flowering Plant Systematics" is an educational tool presenting an overview of the evolutionary relationships among flowering plants according to APG IV and APweb as of 2016. The phylogenetic tree depicts the 64 orders and the...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science","Taxonomy","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2320v4
57 downloads
90 views

Olfactory systems in insects are used to detect volatile chemical odors, and play crucial roles in survival, reproduction, and mediating key behaviors. Here, RNA sequencing technology was used to sequence and assemble the antennal transcriptome of Heortia vitessoides,...

["Entomology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3433v1
80 downloads
442 views

We often expect that investigations of the patterns, causes, and consequences of among-individual variation in a trait of interest will reveal how selective pressures or ecological conditions influence that trait. However, many endocrine traits, such as concentrations...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3432v1
25 downloads
96 views

Background.The Onchidiidae family provides ideal species of marine invertebrates for the study of the evolution from seas to wetlands. However, different species of Onchidiidae have rarely been considered in comparative studies. Methods.A total of 40 samples were...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3431v1
30 downloads
88 views

The Kaidu-Konqi River Basin was chosen as the study site in this paper in order to investigate suitable scales of natural and artificial oases with a specified water resource and water quantity planned by the local government. Combined with remote-sensing images...

["Agricultural Science","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3430v1
140 downloads
324 views

We developed a metabarcoding method for biodiversity characterization of structurally complex natural marine hard-bottom communities. Novel primer sets for two different molecular markers: the “Leray fragment” of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase, COI, and the...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3429v1
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