Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

Septoria nodorum blotch occurs in wheat-growing areas worldwide, but the disease is more prevalent in areas with warm and moist weather, such as the southeastern United States, parts of Europe, southern Brazil, and Australia. The disease affects both the quantity...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27039v2

Background. Understanding genetic diversity and population structure is critically important for the conservation and management of endangered species. These factors are particularly relevant for species with small populations and/or restricted ranges, such as...

["Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27038v1
92 downloads
214 views

Background. Perennial ryegrass is a cool-season grass species from the family Poaceae and is widely cultivated in temperate regions because it exhibits rapid growth and establishment, and possesses high forage quality. The extension of the growing season in Ireland...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26620v2
8 downloads
31 views

The success of intervention projects in ecological systems depends not only on the quality of a management strategy, but also how that strategy plays out among decision makers. Impact network analysis (INA) is a framework for evaluating the likely regional success...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Epidemiology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27037v1
45 downloads
98 views

Global plastics production has reached 380 million metric tons in 2015, with around 40% used for packaging. Plastic packaging is diverse and made of multiple polymers and numerous additives, along with other components, such as adhesives or coatings. Further, packaging...

["Toxicology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27036v1
36 downloads
125 views

Using a large, consistent set of loci shared by descent (orthologous) to study relationships among taxa would revolutionize among-lineage comparisons of divergence and speciation processes. Ultraconserved elements (UCEs), highly conserved regions of the genome,...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27035v1
57 downloads
218 views

Populations of passively dispersed organisms in continental aquatic habitats typically show high levels of neutral genetic differentiation, despite their high dispersal capabilities. Several evolutionary factors, including founder events and local adaptation, and...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3254v2
25 downloads
94 views

Saproxylic insects, those that feed on wood or bark, compose a large proportion of forest organisms. Flies (Diptera) are often the most abundant and species-rich groups in forest microhabitats, yet most work to date on saproxylic insect diversity and ecology has...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27034v1
31 downloads
133 views

The rhizobium-legume symbiosis is a major source of fixed nitrogen (ammonia) in the biosphere. The potential for this process to increase agricultural yield while reducing the reliance on nitrogen-based fertilizers has generated interest in understanding and manipulating...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Microbiology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27033v1
1,187 downloads
2,371 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v6
34 downloads
145 views

Mating strategies in fishes are known to include polygyny, polyandry and monogamy and provide valuable insights regarding powerful evolutionary forces such as sexual selection. Monogamy is a complex of mating systems that has been relatively neglected. Previous...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Genomics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27032v1
41 downloads
124 views

The study of crop evolution has focused primarily on the process of initial domestication. Post-domestication adaptation during the expansion of crops from their centers of origin has received considerably less attention. Recent research has revealed that, in at...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27031v1
33 downloads
106 views

The microbiota in the human gut is not only a complicated microecological system but also plays important roles in both health and disease. In order to understand the roles of these gut bacteria, we determined the distribution of microbiota in different regions...

["Biodiversity","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27030v1
56 downloads
382 views

In Japan, the subtropical Ryukyu Archipelago (RYS; also known as the Nansei Islands) with its coral reefs has been shown to harbor very high levels of marine biodiversity. This study provides an overview of the state of marine biodiversity research in the RYS....

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27029v1
34 downloads
50 views

Manual curation of scientific literature for ontology-based knowledge representation has proven infeasible and unscalable to the large and growing volume of scientific literature. Automated annotation solutions that leverage text mining and Natural Language Processing...

["Bioinformatics","Natural Language and Speech"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27028v1
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