Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRS) are enzymes that catalyze the ligation of tRNAs to their cognate amino acids. There are aaRSs specific to each of the 20 standard amino acids. These enzymes are divided into two classes, class I and class II, which are unrelated...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3045v1

Background. Aspergillus niger along with many other lignocellulolytic fungi, has been widely used as a commercial workhorse for cellulase production. A fungal cellulase system generally includes three major classes of enzymes i.e. β-glucosidases, endoglucanases...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3044v1
9 downloads
54 views

Hermaphroditic plants experience inbreeding through both self-fertilization and bi-parental inbreeding. Therefore, many plant species have evolved either heteromorphic (morphology-based) or homomorphic (molecular-based) self-incompatibility (SI) systems. These...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3042v1
3 downloads
39 views

The advent of next-generation sequencing tools has made it possible to conduct fine-scale surveys of population differentiation and genome-wide scans for signatures of selection in non-model organisms. Such surveys are of particular importance in sharply declining...

["Conservation Biology","Genomics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3043v1
356 downloads
1,545 views

This essay proposes mathematical answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is produced by research?", "how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "what do we mean by soft science?", "what...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v3
6 downloads
66 views

Infrared thermal imaging has emerged as a valuable tool in veterinary medicine, in particular in evaluating reproductive processes. Here, we explored differences in skin temperature of cycling and pregnant wild chimpanzee females in Budongo Forest, Uganda. Based...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3041v1
6 downloads
16 views

Recently, Docker technology has received increasing attention throughout the bioinformatics community. However, its implementation has not yet been mastered by most biologists, and thus its application in biological research has been limited. In order to popularize...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3040v1
14 downloads
58 views

The Arabian Peninsula (AP) is the first site of human migration and habitation outside of Africa. As a major crossroad for human populations, the AP provides an opportunity to better understand early to modern changes in human demographic patterns through selections,...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3039v1
4 downloads
35 views

Alkaline saline soils known also as “soda solonchaks” represent a natural soda habitat which differed from soda lake sediments by higher aeration and lower humidity. The microbiology of soda soils, in contrast to the more intensively studied soda lakes, remains...

["Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3038v1
6 downloads
61 views

Many difficulties are encountered by people with disabilities, especially when a diagnosis is made up of more than one dysfunction, as is the case of visually impaired wheelchair users. In fact, this scenario generates a degree of incapacity in terms of the performing...

["Bioengineering","Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Clinical Trials","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3036v1
6 downloads
71 views

In recent years, the use of lectins for screening of potential biomarkers has gained increased importance in cancer research, given the development in glycobiology that highlights altered structural changes of glycans in cancer associated processes. Lectins, having...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3035v1
7 downloads
48 views

Anthropogenic pressures on aquatic systems have placed a renewed focus on biodiversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates. By combining classical taxonomy and DNA barcoding we identified 39 species of caddisflies from the Crooked River, a unique and sensitive system...

["Biogeography","Ecosystem Science","Entomology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3034v1
6 downloads
58 views

The invasion of the western Atlantic Ocean by the Indo-Pacific red lionfish (Pterois volitans) has had devastating consequences for marine ecosystems. Estimating the number of colonizing lionfish can be useful in identifying the introduction pathway and can inform...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3033v1
12 downloads
52 views

The polyphagous shot hole borer and Kuroshio shot hole borer, two members of the Euwallacea fornicatus species complex (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), are invasive ambrosia beetles that harbor distinct species of Fusarium fungal symbionts. Together with...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3032v1
4 downloads
123 views

Recent years have witnessed the discovery of protein–coding genes which appear to have evolved de novo from previously non-coding sequences. This has changed the long-standing view that coding sequences can only evolve from other coding sequences. However, there...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3031v1
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