Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

592 downloads
2,966 views

The widespread use of 'statistical significance' as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (American Statistical Association, Wasserstein & Lazar 2016). We review why degrading p-values into...

["Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2921v1
53 downloads
168 views

Background. DNA sequences are pivotal for a wide array of research in biology. Large sequence databases, like GenBank, provide an amazing resource to utilize DNA sequences for large scale analyses. However, many sequences on GenBank contain more than one gene or...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2920v1
36 downloads
121 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
15 downloads
132 views

Background. The microbiota in the small intestine relies on their capacity to rapidly import and ferment available carbohydrates to survive in a complex and highly competitive ecosystem. Understanding how these communities function requires elucidating the role...

["Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2918v1
230 downloads
650 views

Patterns underpin ecological theories and paradigms. While over a dozen ecological patterns are considered to be classic or even law-like, most are divided among non-overlapping theories and subfields. As a result, ecology lacks a holistic understanding for how...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1469v3
20 downloads
307 views

Pedigrees, though straightforward and versatile, lack the ability to tell us information about many individuals. Though numerical systems have been developed, there is currently no system to quantify the probability of a pedigree following certain inheritance systems....

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Mathematical Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2871v5
115 downloads
762 views

Spinosaurids (Diapsida: Spinosauridae) and sphenacodontids (Synapsida: Sphenacodontidae) share not only a characteristic tall neural spines, but also an atypical – compared to their close respective relatives – ecology, i.e. apparently piscivorous and possibly...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2917v1
15 downloads
110 views

Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook) is an excellent fast-growing timber species and has significant value in the forestry industry. In order to increase the nitrogen and phosphorus absorption and utilization in Chinese fir, shared differentially...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Genetics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2916v1
14 downloads
138 views

Backgroung: With the implementation of the Household Production Responsibility System in China almost 30 years ago, obvious spatial heterogeneity has developed over rangeland. Methods: We examined lifeform functional groups over 5 years on household ranches in...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2915v1
33 downloads
180 views

Recruitment is a key demographic step for population persistence. This paper focuses on understanding barnacle (Semibalanus balanoides) recruitment. In rocky intertidal habitats from the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast of Nova Scotia (Canada), winter ice scour is common....

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2914v1
163 downloads
965 views

We present a CUDA based implementation of a decision tree construction algorithm within the gradient boosting library XGBoost. The tree construction algorithm is executed entirely on the GPU and shows high performance with a variety of datasets and settings, including...

["Artificial Intelligence","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2911v1
28 downloads
184 views

High sensitivity methods such as next generation sequencing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are adversely impacted by organismal and DNA contaminants. Current methods for detecting contaminants in microbial materials (genomic DNA and cultures) are not sensitive...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2913v1
21 downloads
196 views

With the emergence of Next Generation Sequencing, major advances were made with regard to identifying viruses in natural environments. However, bioinformatical research on viruses is still limited because of the low amounts of viral DNA that can be obtained for...

["Biodiversity","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2912v1
97 downloads
360 views

The use of online data repositories and the establishment of new data standards that require data to be computer-parsable so that algorithms can reason over them have become increasingly important with the emergence of high-throughput technologies, Big Data and...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Zoology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2429v2
44 downloads
155 views

In the past decades, novel pharmaceutical compounds have been produced by a wide diverse groups of marine bacteria. These marine bacteria are potential reservoirs for antimicrobial products. In this study, we investigated 40 soil samples collected from the Great...

["Biodiversity","Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2910v1
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