Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

744 downloads
1,564 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v4
96 downloads
272 views

With an unprecedented growth in the biomedical literature, keeping up to date with the new developments presents an immense challenge. Publications are often studied in isolation of the established literature, with interpretation being subjective and often introducing...

["Bioinformatics","Algorithms and Analysis of Algorithms","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Software Engineering","Visual Analytics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26869v1
30 downloads
159 views

Protein sites present different amino acids during their evolution, whose number reflects the selective constraints operating on them. This evolutionary variability is strongly influenced by the structural properties of the site in the native structure, and it...

["Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26868v1
130 downloads
450 views

Background. Yunnanolepidoids constitute either the basal-most consecutive segments or the most primitive clade of antiarchs, a highly diversified jawed vertebrate group from the Silurian and Early Devonian periods. Although the general morphology of yunnanolepidoids...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26867v1
58 downloads
156 views

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), primarily from human fossil fuel combustion and cement production, are resulting in increasing absorption of CO2 by the oceans, which has led to a decline in ocean pH in a process known as ocean acidification (OA). There...

["Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26866v1
190 downloads
500 views

Introduction: The endoparasitoid Tetrastichus howardi (Olliff, 1893) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) can be reared with the alternative host Tenebrio molitor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Host storage at low temperatures can regulate parasitoid production...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26865v1
269 downloads
728 views

Background. The phylogenetic placement of Cretaceous marine turtles, especially Protostegidae, is still under debate among paleontologists. Whereas protostegids were traditionally thought to be situated within the clade of recent marine turtles (Chelonioidea),...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26863v1
55 downloads
188 views

The Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus) is the most common bycatch in the Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) bottom longline fishery in Cumberland Sound, Canada. Historically, this inshore fishery has been prosecuted through the ice during winter...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26864v1
37 downloads
217 views

Introduction Knowledge Translation (KT) is expected to be a critical learning outcome of a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program. It continues to serve as an area of interest among educators and healthcare providers due to its importance to evidence-based...

["Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26861v1
62 downloads
320 views

Drought stress is one of the most important abiotic factors limiting crop productivity. A better understanding of the effects of drought on millet (Setaria italica L.) production, a model crop for studying drought tolerance, and the underlying molecular mechanisms...

["Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26860v1
117 downloads
326 views

Despite the local and global importance of forests, deforestation driven by various socio-economic and biophysical factors continues in many countries. In Nepal, in response to massive deforestation, the community forestry program has been implemented to reduce...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Natural Resource Management","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26859v1
41 downloads
186 views

The cone snails are hyper diverse group of marine gastropods and the shell morphology is the base of primary species identification. Among the Conidae, homoplasy and plasticity of morphological characters are common. Since speciation is positively correlated with...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26844v1
162 downloads
1,772 views

The optimal terminal gear in hook-and-line recreational fishing maximizes landing rates and minimizes injury to the fish because some fish will be released after capture. We designed a novel rig configuration in artificial lure fishing for top predators and examined...

["Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26484v2
486 downloads
1,474 views

Physiological mechanisms for passive and active transmembrane transport have been theoretically described using many different approaches. A generic formulation for both passive and active transmembrane transport, is derived from basic thermodynamical principles...

["Biophysics","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1312v8
44 downloads
191 views

Rodent grimace scales facilitate assessment of spontaneous pain and can identify a range of acute pain levels. Reported rater training in using these scales varies considerably and may contribute to observed variability in inter-rater reliability. This study evaluated...

["Animal Behavior","Veterinary Medicine","Anesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26721v2
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