Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

11 downloads
92 views

Objective: Ventilation attenuation often happened in professional divers due to long-term cumulative effects in diving exercises. By case-control experiments, we observed the immediate effects of pulmonary ventilation before and after the exposure of 12m-depth...

["Respiratory Medicine","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3027v1
25 downloads
110 views

Background. The current study aims to explore the effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in kidney tissues in a murine diabetic nephropathy (DN) model, and to investigate the possible underlying mechanisms....

["Genomics","Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3026v1
486 downloads
404 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
783 downloads
4,099 views

The widespread use of 'statistical significance' as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into 'significant'...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2921v2
19 downloads
261 views

Measurement of visual functions is critical to the detection and diagnosis of eye disease, particularly in children where eliciting symptomology can be challenging. An effective practitioner-patient relationship is crucial in optometric practice and has numerous...

["Ophthalmology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3023v1
169 downloads
1,804 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v3
24 downloads
181 views

Households are an important location for the transmission of communicable diseases. Social contact between household members is typically more frequent, of greater intensity, and is more likely to involve people of different age groups than contact occurring in...

["Anthropology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3022v1
44 downloads
119 views

Life science ontologies play an important role in semantic web. In the fish and fisheries research field, it is imperative to have an ontology that can automatically provide information for biological objects annotations and links to relevant data pieces. As such,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioinformatics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3020v1
68 downloads
111 views

Background. The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a highly infectious disease that has claimed over 25,000 cases in the past 50 years. While many past outbreaks of EVD resulted in relatively few incidents, the 2014 outbreak in West Africa was the most deadly occurrence...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3021v1
243 downloads
596 views

Microbes for environmental research should be cultured in growth media with characteristics (e.g., pH, ionic strength, and ionic composition) as close to their original habitat as possible. Additionally, the medium should also enable high cell density to be obtained,...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1406v5
124 downloads
469 views

We herein examine the only known non-planispirally coiled early Devonian ammonoid, the holotype specimen of Ivoites opitzi, to investigate if the host was encrusted in vivo and if these sclerobionts were responsible for the trochospiral coiling observed on this...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2479v2
34 downloads
465 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
79 downloads
608 views

The fishery for octopus in Northwest Mexico has increased to over 2,000 tons annually, but to date the specific composition of the catch has been ignored. With at least three main species with varying life histories targeted by artisanal fisheries in the region,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3016v2
15 downloads
72 views

Exotic invasive species represent a major driver of the loss of biological diversity and services provided by ecosystems globally. An important source of species becoming invasive are the commercial afforestation projects using fast growing and adaptable exotic...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3019v1
968 downloads
691 views

Microbes, with their vast metabolic capabilities and great adaptability, occupy almost every conceivable ecological niche on Earth. Thus, could they survive in the oligotrophic (i.e., nutrient poor) deionized (DI) water that we use for experiments? Observations...

["Biochemistry","Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.181v5
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