Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

34 downloads
265 views

The poorly understood mechanisms of the seasonal maintenance of Anopheles spp. mosquitoes through the dry season in Africa remain a critical gap in our knowledge of Plasmodium disease transmission. While it is thought that adult mosquitoes remain in a dormant state...

["Entomology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3391v1
158 downloads
639 views

Checking that models adequately represent data is an essential component of applied statistical inference. Ecologists increasingly use hierarchical Bayesian statistical models in their research. The appeal of this modeling paradigm is undeniable, as researchers...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3390v1
28 downloads
204 views

To further understand the impact of grafting on fruit characteristics and to comprehend the mechanisms involved in graft-induced changes we studied homo- and hetero- grafted Cucurbita pepo cultivars (cv.) that vary in fruit size and shape. C. pepo cv. ‘Munchkin’...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3389v1
31 downloads
129 views

The aim of this anthropometric survey was to map regional differences in height and body proportions in eight counties adjacent to the Adriatic coast of Croatia. Body height was measured in 1803 males and 782 females aged 17-20 years at 66 schools in 23 towns....

["Anthropology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3388v1
26 downloads
109 views

Understanding habitat use and spatial distribution of wildlife could help conservationists determine high-priority areas and enhance conservation efforts. In this study, we studied habitat use, preference and utilization distribution of two Gruidae species (Black-necked...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3387v1
28 downloads
126 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
48 downloads
323 views

In translational medicine, the technology of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) continues to prove powerful, and transforming the RNA-seq data into biological insights has become increasingly imperative. We present the Transcriptomics profiler for Easy Discovery (TED) toolkit,...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Translational Medicine","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3385v1
27 downloads
118 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
52 downloads
491 views

Background and purpose Oxidative stress is involved in normal and pathological functioning of skeletal muscle. Protection of myoblasts from oxidative stress may improve muscle contraction and delay aging. Here we studied the effect of R. coriaria sumac fruit extract...

["Cell Biology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3383v1
42 downloads
135 views

Background. Native meliponines are currently threatened by increased human impacts. The assessment of their genetic variation by microsatellite DNA markers can assist in the conservation of populations and help in the planning and establishment of efficient management...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3382v1
22 downloads
90 views

Background. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of geographical differences in the age at peak height velocity (APHV) and height at peak height velocity (HPHV) on final height, at a prefectural level, and to evaluate the current average height status...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3381v1
33 downloads
235 views

Previously, we revealed that several kampo medicines that are used for patients with excess and/or medium patterns [kakkonto (TJ-1), shosaikoto (TJ-9), hangeshashinto (TJ-14), and orento (TJ-120)] reduced prostaglandin (PG)E<2 levels using LPS-treated human gingival...

["Cell Biology","Dentistry","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3227v2
33 downloads
111 views

Background Metacommunity theory is a conceptual framework addressing the interdependence of local interactions and regional processes, especially when communities have no clear boundaries and it is difficult to relate community structure and the environment at...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3380v1
24 downloads
130 views

Geographic range is used as a correlate of extinction risk for extant and extinct organisms across the fields of conservation and paleobiology. However, the exact method used to measure geographic range, the biases, and the limitations of each are rarely discussed...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3379v1
37 downloads
118 views

One of the great challenges in ecology and evolutionary biology is to explain disease, whether caused by infectious agents such as parasites and pathogens, or by the deterioration or transformation of cellular behavior and function, a prime example of the latter...

["Evolutionary Studies","Global Health","Public Health","Translational Medicine","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3378v1
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