Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

29 downloads
115 views

Understanding how structural and functional alterations of individual tissues impact on whole-joint function is challenging, particularly in humans where direct invasive experimentation is difficult. Finite element computational models produce quantitative predictions...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3050v1
29 downloads
124 views

Fungi and other eukaryotes represent one of the last frontiers of microbial diversity in the sponge holobiont. In this study we employed pyrosequencing of 18S ribosomal RNA gene amplicons containing the V7 and V8 hypervariable regions to explore the fungal diversity...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3049v1
25 downloads
104 views

The sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) population in the Ramsar-listed Kushiro Wetland has increased in recent years, and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan has decided to take measures to reduce the impact these sika deer are having on the ecosystem. However,...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3048v1
10 downloads
96 views

While theory offers clear predictions for when recombination will evolve in changing environments, it is unclear what natural scenarios can generate the necessary conditions. The Red Queen hypothesis provides one such scenario in natural populations, but it requires...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3047v1
16 downloads
132 views

Potamopyrgus antipodarum, a New Zealand freshwater snail, is a powerful system to study the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Obligate asexual P. antipodarum (herein, Pa) lineages include both triploids and tetraploids that are products of multiple separate transitions...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3046v1
18 downloads
133 views

Population genetic analyses of the invasive pantropical earthworm P. corethrurus populations will contribute significantly to better understand the ecology and especially the reproductive system of this species. Using 34 polymorphic ISSR markers the genetic diversity...

["Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Soil Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3024v1
61 downloads
291 views

Species diversity of metazoan bulk samples can be rapidly assessed using Cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) metabarcoding. However, in cases where only degraded DNA is available, e.g. from poorly conserved museum specimens, eDNA filtered from water or gut content analyses,...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3037v1
10 downloads
77 views

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRS) are enzymes that catalyze the ligation of tRNAs to their cognate amino acids. There are aaRSs specific to each of the 20 standard amino acids. These enzymes are divided into two classes, class I and class II, which are unrelated...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3045v1
13 downloads
119 views

Background. Aspergillus niger along with many other lignocellulolytic fungi, has been widely used as a commercial workhorse for cellulase production. A fungal cellulase system generally includes three major classes of enzymes i.e. β-glucosidases, endoglucanases...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3044v1
31 downloads
165 views

Hermaphroditic plants experience inbreeding through both self-fertilization and bi-parental inbreeding. Therefore, many plant species have evolved either heteromorphic (morphology-based) or homomorphic (molecular-based) self-incompatibility (SI) systems. These...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3042v1
32 downloads
211 views

The advent of next-generation sequencing tools has made it possible to conduct fine-scale surveys of population differentiation and genome-wide scans for signatures of selection in non-model organisms. Such surveys are of particular importance in sharply declining...

["Conservation Biology","Genomics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3043v1
452 downloads
2,121 views

This essay proposes mathematical answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is produced by research?", "how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "what do we mean by soft science?", "what...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v3
18 downloads
169 views

Infrared thermal imaging has emerged as a valuable tool in veterinary medicine, in particular in evaluating reproductive processes. Here, we explored differences in skin temperature of cycling and pregnant wild chimpanzee females in Budongo Forest, Uganda. Based...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3041v1
40 downloads
100 views

Recently, Docker technology has received increasing attention throughout the bioinformatics community. However, its implementation has not yet been mastered by most biologists, and thus its application in biological research has been limited. In order to popularize...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3040v1
29 downloads
116 views

The Arabian Peninsula (AP) is the first site of human migration and habitation outside of Africa. As a major crossroad for human populations, the AP provides an opportunity to better understand early to modern changes in human demographic patterns through selections,...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3039v1
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