Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

14 downloads
75 views

Background: Traditionally, EBRT prostate treatments have been administered using three different techniques: three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). These...

["Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2938v1
14 downloads
111 views

Predation is the main driver of mortality during early life stages. The ability to avoid and evade potential threats is, therefore, favoured to evolve during the early stages of life. It is also during these early stages that the process of familiarization occurs....

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2937v1
7 downloads
18 views

Three approaches to implement genetic programming on GPU hardware are compilation, interpretation and direct generation of machine code. The compiled approach is known to have a prohibitive overhead compared to other two. This paper investigates methods to accelerate...

["Artificial Intelligence","Distributed and Parallel Computing"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2936v1
28 downloads
143 views

Primary production due to photosynthesis results in daytime oxygen production across marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, a prevalent, globally-occurring nighttime spike in dissolved oxygen (DO) challenges our traditional assumption that oxygen production...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2935v1
13 downloads
92 views

Texas is the second largest state in the United States of America, and the largest state in the contiguous USA at nearly 700,000 sq. km. Several Texas bumble bee species have shown evidence of declines in portions of their continental ranges, and conservation initiatives...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2932v1
7 downloads
89 views

Schistosomiasis remains a major parasitic disease, endemic in large parts of South America. Five neotropical species of Biomphalaria have been found to act as intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni in natural populations, while others have been shown to be susceptible...

["Ecology","Genetics","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2933v1
52 downloads
180 views

An immune system inspired Artificial Immune System (AIS) algorithm is presented, and is used for the purposes of automated program verification. Relevant immunological concepts are discussed and the field of AIS is briefly reviewed. It is proposed to use this AIS...

["Computational Biology","Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Theory and Formal Methods"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2690v2
14 downloads
186 views

The use of insects as indicators of postmortem displacement is discussed in many text, courses and TV shows, and several studies addressing this issue have been published. However, the concept is widely cited but poorly understood, and only a few forensic cases...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2934v1
58 downloads
321 views

Fisheries sciences and management involve complex problems not easily addressed by a single set of stakeholders or methodologies from one discipline; accordingly, the Canadian Fisheries Research Network (CFRN) was initiated to increase fisheries research capacity...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecosystem Science","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2291v2
7 downloads
87 views

A method for rating surgical performance of a mastoidectomy procedure that is shown to apply universally across teaching institutions has not yet been devised. This work describes the development of a rating instrument created from a multi-institutional consortium....

["Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2931v1
219 downloads
1,175 views

1. Stable isotope analysis is a widely used tool for the reconstruction and interpretation of animal diets and trophic relationships. Analytical tools have improved the robustness of inferring the relative contribution of different prey sources to an animal’s diet...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Zoology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1950v3
53 downloads
220 views

The use of functional traits has increased exponentially in ecology, particularly in attempting to understand plant strategies and ecosystem functioning. This popularity has led to many proposed definitions of functional traits, which in turn has informed recommendations...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2631v2
23 downloads
99 views

Measurements of historical specimens are widely applied in studies of taxonomy, systematics, and ecology, but biologists often assume that the effects of preservative chemicals on the morphology of amphibian specimens do not affect their analyses. We compared the...

["Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2930v1
5 downloads
89 views

Background: Tibetans have lived at high altitudes for thousands of years, and they have a unique composition of physiological traits that enable them to tolerate this hypoxic environment. However, the genetic basis of these traits is still unknown. As a sensitive...

["Molecular Biology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2929v1
11 downloads
215 views

The characteristic ground colour and banding patterns on shells of the land snail Cepaea nemoralis form a classic study system for genetics and adaptation. We use RNAseq analysis to identify candidate genes underlying this polymorphism. We sequenced cDNA from the...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2928v1
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