Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

96 downloads
229 views

Background. Yunnanolepidoids constitute either the basal-most consecutive segments or the most primitive clade of antiarchs, a highly diversified jawed vertebrate group from the Silurian and Early Devonian periods. Although the general morphology of yunnanolepidoids...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26867v1
22 downloads
66 views

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), primarily from human fossil fuel combustion and cement production, are resulting in increasing absorption of CO2 by the oceans, which has led to a decline in ocean pH in a process known as ocean acidification (OA). There...

["Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26866v1
57 downloads
162 views

The epigenome regulates the gene expression of all differentiated cells and indicates which specific genes must be transcribed. It is argued that the expression factors that act on specific genes of the somatic cell involved in a behavior also act on the transcription...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26862v2
22 downloads
84 views

Introduction: The endoparasitoid Tetrastichus howardi (Olliff, 1893) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) can be reared with the alternative host Tenebrio molitor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Host storage at low temperatures can regulate parasitoid production...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26865v1
207 downloads
496 views

Background. The phylogenetic placement of Cretaceous marine turtles, especially Protostegidae, is still under debate among paleontologists. Whereas protostegids were traditionally thought to be situated within the clade of recent marine turtles (Chelonioidea),...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26863v1
22 downloads
87 views

The Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus) is the most common bycatch in the Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) bottom longline fishery in Cumberland Sound, Canada. Historically, this inshore fishery has been prosecuted through the ice during winter...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26864v1
23 downloads
105 views

Introduction Knowledge Translation (KT) is expected to be a critical learning outcome of a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program. It continues to serve as an area of interest among educators and healthcare providers due to its importance to evidence-based...

["Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26861v1
29 downloads
155 views

Drought stress is one of the most important abiotic factors limiting crop productivity. A better understanding of the effects of drought on millet (Setaria italica L.) production, a model crop for studying drought tolerance, and the underlying molecular mechanisms...

["Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26860v1
104 downloads
236 views

Despite the local and global importance of forests, deforestation driven by various socio-economic and biophysical factors continues in many countries. In Nepal, in response to massive deforestation, the community forestry program has been implemented to reduce...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Natural Resource Management","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26859v1
22 downloads
89 views

The cone snails are hyper diverse group of marine gastropods and the shell morphology is the base of primary species identification. Among the Conidae, homoplasy and plasticity of morphological characters are common. Since speciation is positively correlated with...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26844v1
137 downloads
1,632 views

The optimal terminal gear in hook-and-line recreational fishing maximizes landing rates and minimizes injury to the fish because some fish will be released after capture. We designed a novel rig configuration in artificial lure fishing for top predators and examined...

["Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26484v2
461 downloads
1,219 views

Physiological mechanisms for passive and active transmembrane transport have been theoretically described using many different approaches. A generic formulation for both passive and active transmembrane transport, is derived from basic thermodynamical principles...

["Biophysics","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1312v8
26 downloads
121 views

Rodent grimace scales facilitate assessment of spontaneous pain and can identify a range of acute pain levels. Reported rater training in using these scales varies considerably and may contribute to observed variability in inter-rater reliability. This study evaluated...

["Animal Behavior","Veterinary Medicine","Anesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26721v2
65 downloads
175 views

Single-cell RNA-seq is revolutionizing our understanding of cell type heterogeneity in many fields of biology, ranging from neuroscience to cancer to immunology. In Immunology, one of the main promises of this approach is the ability to define cell types as clusters...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26858v1
476 downloads
2,668 views

There is a massive crisis of confidence in statistical inference, which has largely been attributed to overemphasis on and abuse of hypothesis testing. Much of the abuse stems from failure to recognize that statistical tests not only test hypotheses, but countless...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v1
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