Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

Cytokines are fundamental for a functioning immune system, and thus, potentially serve as important indicators of animal health. Quantitation of mRNA using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is an established immunological technique....

["Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2735v1

Natural product libraries are important tools for drug discovery. However, until now, there has not been a system to allow projections of the potential number of hits from creating these libraries. The objective of this study was to develop a stochastic model system...

["Biodiversity","Biotechnology","Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2734v1

1. The elevational gradient in plant defense (EGPD) hypothesis posits that natural enemy pressures increase positively alongside temperature across elevational climatic gradients, thereby selecting for enhanced defenses at lower elevations while leaving plants...

["Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2733v1

Development of drug resistance limits the effectiveness of anticancer treatments. Understanding the molecular mechanisms triggering this event in tumor cells may lead to improved therapeutic strategies. Here we used RNA-seq to compare the transcriptomes of an erythroleukemia...

["Molecular Biology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2731v1

Plant materials have long been utilized for human use because of their wide range of physical properties and incredible mechanical efficiency as eco-friendly structures. One example of their use today is the practice of using the sturdy leaves of Pandanus tectorius...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2732v1
26 downloads
46 views

Phytochemicals produced by plants, including at flowers, function in protection against plant diseases, and have a long history of use against trypanosome infection. Floral nectar and pollen, the sole food sources for many species of insect pollinators, contain...

["Ecology","Entomology","Parasitology","Plant Science","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2730v1
47 downloads
330 views

1. Interspecific relationships, termed symbiosis, are considered very diverse, while intraspecific relationships have just two categories. 2. The present classification fails to define all interactions among members of the same species, as demonstrated by observations...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2563v3
9 downloads
45 views

Background. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) are involved in the development and function of multiple organs and organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS). FGF signaling via FGFR1, one of the three FGFRs expressed in...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2729v1
462 downloads
1,627 views

A central challenge in the present era of biodiversity loss is to assess and manage human impacts on freshwater ecosystems. Macroinvertebrates are an ideal group for Environmental Impacts Assessment (EIA). However, generating accurate macroinvertebrate inventories...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2044v4
19 downloads
102 views

This study was conducted to investigate the theory of dual coding on remembering words, by testing whether concrete words are better recalled than abstract words. A total of 298 (from Asian ethnicity) participants took part in this study. The participants were...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2719v1
5 downloads
94 views

Cognitive functioning is vital for enabling animals of all taxa to optimise their chances of survival and reproductive success. Learning and memory in particular are drivers of many evolutionary processes. The field of cognitive ecology explores how the environment...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2728v1
24 downloads
159 views

Residence time (τ) is the average amount of time that particles spend in an ecosystem. Often estimated from the ratio of volume to flow rate, τ equates the physical environment with dynamics of growth. Here, we propose that τ is key to understanding relationships...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2727v1
4 downloads
50 views

Cobia, Rachycentron canadum, is an important recreational marine fish of growing popularity in the aquaculture industry. Knowledge of the impact of environment on their fatty acids (FAs) utilization may contribute to the understanding their feeding in culture condition...

["Agricultural Science","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2726v1
23 downloads
279 views

Measurement of pupil size (pupillometry) has recently gained renewed interest from psychologists, but there is little agreement on how pupil-size data is best analyzed. Here we focus on one aspect of pupillometric analyses: baseline correction, that is, analyzing...

["Neuroscience","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2725v1
175 downloads
544 views

While the term ‘‘psychopathy’’ is embedded with negativity, evidence points to the existence of another form of psychopathy, which involves adaptive traits such as stress and anxiety immunity, remarkable social skills, noteworthy leadership ability, and an absence...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2081v3
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